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I. Introduction

I. Introduction

The Nicene Creed chants that the "Lord Jesus Christ... was crucified... and was buried. And the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures". Many theologians gathered to write the Nicene Creed in the 4th century, and today, the Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant Churches still consider it a primary summary of basic Christian beliefs. This passage in the Nicene Creed corresponds to Saint Paul’s words in 1 Corinthians 15:3-4, "I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures."

In turn, the disciples who told St Paul that the scriptures prophesied Christ’s resurrection received the teaching from Jesus. While Christians call both the Old and New Testaments “scripture”, when the Gospels refer to prophecies in “the scriptures” about Christ’s resurrection, they mean those in the Old Testament (Luke 24:44-46, John 20:8-10). That’s because they refer to prophecies written before the events described occurred.

But assuming that Jesus was the Christ, or "Messiah," would His resurrection really be "according to the Scriptures?" In simpler terms: Does the Old Testament, or Holy Scriptures, indicate that the Messiah would rise from the dead?

Fr. Alexey Semkin explains the problem in the journal Thomas, that "in the Old Testament we don't find lines that which would look like mathematically exact proofs of the New Testament's correctness. The prophet Isaiah or King David never said 'Jesus will be crucified by Jersualem's walls and on the third day resurrect.' ...for then freedom wouldn't have remained for people, and faith proposes a free choice: you can accept the words of the prophets, or you can reject them." (Christ in the Old Testament,
http://www.foma.ru/article/index.php?news=1418)

However, many people have uncertainty, doubts, and close-mindedness. Before Jesus Christ explained the Scriptures to the disciples journeying to Emmaus, he "opened he their understanding, that they might understand" them. (Luke 24:45).

We must keep an open mind to see the true meaning, whatever it may be and whatever our preferences. We must recognize that ancient Israelites and Jews wrote and kept the Scriptures, and that the apostles and early Church were predominantly Jewish, but also that modern Judaism could significantly differ from its ancient predecessor.

I believe, after a questioning search of reading the Holy Scriptures, comparing interpretations, and talking with people, that according to the scriptures the Messiah would resurrect. I will quote Tanakh(canonical Old Testament) passages from the Judaica Press Tanakh(JPT) translation, or the 1985 Jewish Publication Society(JPS) translation, unless otherwise indicated. The 1917 JPS translation (1917 JPS) provides secondary translations. I will quote New Testament passages using the King James Version.




The Tanakh, the canonical Hebrew Scriptures




 

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