II.(E) Hosea 6 and the Third DayI don't think that the grammar of the sentence "He arose again on the third day according to the Scriptures" means that the scriptures specify a third day resurrection. After all, if my parents tell me to buy a lawn mower, I can say "I bought a mower the next day according to their instructions."
Nonetheless, Hosea 5-6 prophesy a third-day resurrection. Hosea 5:12 (JPT) describes Israel collectively as having iniquity and not knowing God. God describes Judah as having dead parts, since dead flesh rots: “I am… like decay [“rottenness” –1917 JPT] to the house of Judah.” God says He will leave Judah until it admits its guilt and seeks Him, which He says they will in their troubles. Then, in Hosea 6:1-3 (JPT), God gives the words of someone returning to Him:
1. Come and let us return to the Lord, for He has torn and He shall heal us; He smites, and He will bind us up.
2. He will revive us from the two days, on the third day He will set us up[“raise us up” –JPS], and we will live before Him.
3. And let us know, let us strive to know the Lord: like the dawn whose going forth is sure, and He will come to us like rain, like the latter rain which satisfies [“refreshes” -JPS] the earth.
At first glance, it appeared from Hosea 5 that God was describing Israel as partly "dead" in a poetic, metaphorical sense. But since the voices predict their resurrection to be at God's coming "like latter rain that refreshes the earth," they compare their resurrection to a “latter”, apocalyptic event. This suggests the general physical resurrection. Within the poetic image of the three days, it appears that the third day means the third day of the voices’ death. And the gospels record that Jesus Christ was of the tribe of Judah, became a physically dead part of it, and rose on the third day of his death.
Thus, Ezekiel 37 and Isaiah 26 describe the general resurrection of Israel's slain ones, and Hosea 6 describes the resurrection of Judah's dead "on the third day." So Jesus Christ's resurrection on the third day after being slain on a cross fits within the Scriptures' descriptions of the general resurrection.
"Hymn", by Mikaloyus Chiurlionis