The Scriptures use David as a poetic image for the Messiah, and David in the Psalms describes himself as someone who dies and resurrects.
III.(A) The Messiah Son of David
The Scriptures say that the Messiah would be a descendent of David. In 2 Samuel 7:11-14(JPT), the prophet Nathan tells David: "the Lord has told you that the Lord will make for you a house. When your days are finished and you shall lie with your forefathers, then I will raise up your seed that shall proceed from your body after you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to Me a son; so that when he goes astray I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the sons of Adam. But My mercy shall not depart from him as I withdrew it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be confirmed forever before you; your throne shall be established forever." 1 Chronicles 17:11-14 contains a similar promise, adding: "I shall station him in My house and in My kingdom forever, and his throne shall be established forever."
Isaiah 9:5-6(JPT) prophesies: "For a child has been born to us, a son given to us, and the authority is upon his shoulder, and the wondrous adviser, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, called his name, the prince of peace.' To him who increases the authority, and for peace without end, on David's throne and on his kingdom, to establish it and to support it with justice and with righteousness; from now and to eternity, the zeal of the Lord of Hosts shall accomplish this."
Jeremiah 23:5-6(JPT) proclaims: "Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, when I will set up of David a righteous shoot, and he shall reign a king and prosper, and he shall perform judgment and righteousness in the land. In his days, Judah shall be saved and Israel shall dwell safely, and this is his name that he shall be called, The Lord is our righteousness."
It seems strange that 2 Samuel 7:14 describes the saving, righteous, everlasting, forever-reigning "Prince of Peace" for whom God will always have mercy as one who goes apart from God, whom God chastens with the "rod of men," and who bears the "stripes of the sons of Adam." But such an image reoccurs in Isaiah 53 where it oddly pleases God to bruise a nonviolent servant who bears the stripes of people who "went astray like sheep."