V.(B) Jesus Christ the Rabbi
Jesus Christ's interpretation that the Scriptures prophesy the Messiah's death and resurrection is one of the earliest interpretations that we have. Jesus understood the scriptures well and studied the them since he was at least 12. Luke 2:46-47,51-52 records that once His parents lost Him and searched three days until "they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers... but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. And Jesus increased in wisdom".
Luke 4:16 says that it was Jesus' custom to teach in the synagogue on the Sabbath. In John 3:1-2(NKJV), "a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews" said to Jesus: “Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God". John 1:38 explains that the Aramaic word "Rabbi" means teacher. Jesus is called "teacher" by: a Scribe (Matthew 8:19); teachers of the law (Luke 11:45); Pharisees (Matthew 9:11, 22:36; Mark 12:32; Luke 10:25, 7:40, 19:39); Pharisees and teachers of the law (Matthew 12:38); Sadducees (Mark 12:19; Luke 20:27-39). By preserving the Aramaic title, John 3:2 suggests that Nicodemus, who came to Jesus under cover of night and later buried Him, called Jesus "Rabbi" out of respect, while other pharisees saw him as an ordinary teacher. "Rabbi" almost always refers to Jesus in the gospels, which distinguish Jesus from the pharisaic and saducee orders.
Rabbi Jesus had insight into the Scriptures. Jesus' discussion of "the deceitfulness of riches" leading to unfruitfulness (Mark 4:19 and Matthew 23:7), properly combines the 2nd and 4th phrases of Isaiah 53:9. Just as those phrases line up, Zechariah 11, Ezekiel 34, and Zechariah 13 line up to show that the Sword in Zechariah 13:7 smites the Good Shepherd, and in Mark 14:27, Rabbi Jesus applied Zechariah 13:7 to Himself as the Messiah.
Even before His crucifixion, Rabbi Jesus told His disciples: "Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles... And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again." (Luke 18:31-33, KJV) But when Jesus said that the Son of Man would rise from the dead, His disciples were confused, "questioning one with another what the rising from the dead should mean." (Mark 9) Only after His Resurrection did they really understand.
Rabbi Jesus teaching in Nazareth's Synagogue , Decani Monastery, Serbia
V. Interpretations of a Resurrected Messiah
V.(B) Jesus Christ the Rabbi
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